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India emerging a leader in supercomputing
By TOG News service
Apr 07, 2021

TOG NEWS SERVICE, NEW DELHI, APR 07, 2021: INDIA is fast emerging a leader in high-power computing with the Rs. 4,500 crore-National Super Computing Mission (NSM) boosting it, the Ministry of Science and Technology said on Tuesday.

The increasing computational demands of academia, researchers, businesses and startups in areas like oil exploration, flood prediction as well as genomics and drug discovery, will be met by supercomputers, it said.

Computing infrastructure has already been installed in four premier institutions and installation work is in rapid progress in nine more. Phase-1 has already been installed and the completion of phase-2 of NSM will take the country's computing power to 16 petaflops.

Phase-3, initiated in January, 2021 will take the computing speed to around 45 petaflops, with three systems of 3 petaflops each and one system of 20 petaflops as a national facility.

The NSM envisages nearly 50 supercomputers across the country to enhance the research capacities and capabilities. It is setting up a grid of supercomputing facilities in academic and research institutions, part of which is being imported and some parts are being built indigenously.

The mission is being jointly steered by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and implemented by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune, and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru.

Param Shivay, the first supercomputer assembled indigenously, was installed in IIT (BHU), followed by Param Shakti at IIT-Kharagpur, Param Brahma at IISER, Pune, ParamYukti at JNCASR, Bengaluru, and ParamSanganakat IIT Kanpur.

The three phases will provide access to High-Performance Computing (HPC) Facilities to around 75 institutions and more than thousands of active researchers, academicians working through Nation Knowledge Network (NKN) - the backbone for supercomputing systems.